Referencing and Citing

Whenever you complete an assignment for your studies, you will be expected to use information from different sources to help develop your thinking. Referencing is a standard practice used in schools and universities to provide recognition of any ideas that you use or adapt for your school work. At Saint Patricks College we use the Harvard system of referencing. Below is a list of the most common resources you will be using and how to write a reference list for a bibliography.
Printed Materials
Book
Author( family name, first name or initial), year of publication, title ( in italics), publisher and place of publication; and it would look like:

Whyman, Kathryn 1985, Forces in action, Franklin Watts, London.
 


Journal or Magazine Article
Author (family name, first name or initial), year of publication, title of the article, title of the journal of magazine in with capitals and italics, volume, number or date of issue and page number/numbers 
and it would look like:

 
Healy, Hazel 2014, 'Foreigners behind bars', New Internationalist, January/February, pp 10-14.

 
Newspaper Article
 Author (family name, first name). year of publication. title of the article. title of the newspaper in italics, date of issue (month then day) and would look like:
 
Romei, Stephen. 2014. "Franklin winner cherishes Aussie past." The Australian, June 27.
 
Online Materials
E-Book
Author (family name, first name). year of publication. title of the e-book in italics. place of publication. Publisher. date accessed. URL and would look like:
 
Felix, Rebecca. 2014. The 1964 freedom summer. Minneapolis: ABDO Publishing Company. Accessed July 3, 2014. https://reader.follettshelf.com/reader/Reader.html?ktsId=1224509&sessionToken=V5sgclN6cqe907U71O4gj3Mz
 
Online Journal or Magazine from a Database
Author (family name, first name). year of publication. title of the article. name of the journal/magazine volume, issue page numbers (when given). Database name. date accessed. URL and would look like:
 
 
Website
 
 Author (family name, first name). year of publication. title of website ( using " at start and end of title) date accessed. URL and it would look like:
 
Ernst, Christopher and Donna Chrobot-Mason. 2011. "If the world is flat, why does it feel so bumpy?" Accessed December 2, 2011. http://www.ccl.org/leadership/enewsletter/2010/DECif.aspx.


 Authors with more than One Book or Article Written in the Same Year
From the Cite Write website: http://www.citewrite.qut.edu.au/cite/qutcite.jsp#harvard-books-print

Order entries chronologically in the reference list.

If the works are published in the same year, list alphabetically by title, then assign 'a', 'b', 'c', as needed. This may mean that (Hartley 2007a) is not the first in-text citation.

Like this...
In text

(Author Yeara)
(Author Yearb)

(Hartley 2007a)
(Hartley 2007b)
Reference List

Author. Yeara. "Title of chapter." In Title of book, edited by Editor, page-page. Place of publication: Publisher.

Author. Yearb. "Title of chapter." In Title of book, edited by Editor, page-page. Place of publication: Publisher.

Hartley, John. 2007a. ...
Hartley, John. 2007b. ...

 
 Scaffolds
To help you complete your bibliography correctly please use the relevant scaffold link below and save it to your Google Drive:

 
Online Bibliography Creation Tools
There are more and more online bibliography creation toolsavailable from the internet. Below is one option for you to explore. Remember that you still need to check the entries of your bibliography to make sure that they are correct. Your bibliography entry will only be as good as the information you provide on your source.
If you have other free online Referencing tools that you would like added please see Mrs Stalker-Booth in the library.

RefMe is an online referencing tool that can be used with the Harvard method of referencing. It also has an app available on the site for both apple and android, making access to your refernces quick and easy. You do need to regisiter for an account.
 

 Example of a Completed Bibliography
 Click on the pdf below to see an example of a completed bibliography
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Claire Stalker-Booth,
Jul 2, 2014, 6:15 PM